Differentiated instruction is a systematic response to the reality that students are different from each other. It is a framework to help teachers move away from ‘teaching to the middle’.Tailoring lessons for the middle band of students in a class results in some students being over challenged, some under challenged, some unable to gain access to key concepts, and many demotivated. In contrast, with differentiated instruction, lessons are organised so that students progress towards learning objectives but reach them in ways that are personally suitable. Based on a school-based diagnostic test, teachers aim to make it possible for students to acquire course content, make sense of ideas, and develop learning products that are compatible with their learning styles, interests and abilities.